A preoperative checkup is necessary for the patients who are preparing for surgery. The opinion of the internist is vital to decide the suitability of major and minor surgeries by assessing the health status of patients. There are different key parameters to be monitored and recorded, which includes a proper history, thorough clinical examination and an appropriate laboratory checkup. By assessing pre and perioperative risks, the role of physician is to optimize patient's medical conditions to reduce morbidity and mortality. This article discusses these topics at length and provides some recommendations for fellow practitioners.
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