Bengal Physician Journal

Register      Login

VOLUME 8 , ISSUE 1 ( January-April, 2021 ) > List of Articles

Original Article

Association between Anthropometric Measures and Pulmonary Function: Exploring the Need of Athlete-specific Spirometric Measures

Shambo S Samajdar, Shatavisa Mukherjee, Saibal Moitra, Sumalya Sen, Santanu K Tripathi

Keywords : Anthropometric measures, Athletes, Spirometry

Citation Information : Samajdar SS, Mukherjee S, Moitra S, Sen S, Tripathi SK. Association between Anthropometric Measures and Pulmonary Function: Exploring the Need of Athlete-specific Spirometric Measures. Bengal Physician Journal 2021; 8 (1):9-11.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10070-7043

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Published Online: 17-08-2021

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2021; Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) Ltd.


Abstract

Background: In contrast to general population, athletes demonstrate enhanced cardiovascular functions and thus higher spirometric values, which necessitates the need of spirometric measures typically specific to athletes, which could avert misdiagnosis of certain respiratory dysfunction in them. Addressing this issue, the present study conducted in athletes vis-à-vis nonathletes assessed their anthropometric measures and pulmonary function parameters and explored for association, if any. Materials and methods: A cross-sectional study was undertaken in athletes vis-à-vis nonathletes. Respondents were screened for risk factors and were then assessed for their anthropometric measures including height, weight, body circumferences, fat level, skeletal muscle, and skinfold thickness. Pulmonary function test was then conducted in all respondents. Results: Mean anthropometric measures including body mass index, body fat percentage, waist circumference, waist–hip ratio, and skinfold thickness were on a slightly higher mark for nonathletes. Spirometric indices were on a bit higher grades for athletes’ group. However, consistent negative association was noted between increased anthropometric measures and pulmonary functions. Conclusion: Standardizing higher level of normalcy in spirometric indices for athletes may be considered to avoid misdiagnosis or misclassification of certain respiratory dysfunctions in them.


PDF Share
  1. Zammit C, Liddicoat H, Moonsie I, et al. Obesity and respiratory diseases. Int J Gen Med 2010;3:335–343. DOI: 10.2147/IJGM.S11926.
  2. Poulain M, Doucet M, Major GC, et al. The effect of obesity on chronic respiratory diseases: pathophysiology and therapeutic strategies. CMAJ 2006;174(9):1293–1299. DOI: 10.1503/cmaj.051299.
  3. Ranu H, Wilde M, Madden B. Pulmonary function tests. Ulster Med J 2011;80(2):84–90.
  4. Sim YS, Lee JH, Lee WY, et al. Spirometry and bronchodilator test. Tuberc Respir Dis (Seoul) 2017;80(2):105–112. DOI: 10.4046/trd.2017.80.2.105.
  5. Durmic T, Lazovic B, Djelic M, et al. Sport-specific influences on respiratory patterns in elite athletes. J Bras Pneumol 2015;41(6):516–522. DOI: 10.1590/S1806-37562015000000050.
  6. Mafort TT, Rufino R, Costa CH, et al. Obesity: systemic and pulmonary complications, biochemical abnormalities, and impairment of lung function. Multidiscip Respir Med 2016;11:28. DOI: 10.1186/s40248-016-0066-z.
  7. Warburton DE, Nicol CW, Bredin SS. Health benefits of physical activity: the evidence. CMAJ 2006;174(6):801–809. DOI: 10.1503/cmaj.051351.
  8. Bussotti M, Di Marco S, Marchese G. Respiratory disorders in endurance athletes – how much do they really have to endure? Open Access J Sports Med. 2014;5:47–63. DOI: 10.2147/OAJSM. S57828.
PDF Share

© Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) LTD.