Bengal Physician Journal

Register      Login

VOLUME 8 , ISSUE 2 ( May-August, 2021 ) > List of Articles

Original Article

Sexual Dysfunction in Men with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus: Prevalence and Severity—An Observational Study

Ratan Halder, Kalimujjaman Molla, Partha Pratim Chakraborty, Surojit Das, Abhishek P Gupta, Kripasindhu Gantait

Keywords : Diabetes mellitus, International Index of Erectile Function-5, Prevalence, Sexual dysfunction

Citation Information : Halder R, Molla K, Chakraborty PP, Das S, Gupta AP, Gantait K. Sexual Dysfunction in Men with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus: Prevalence and Severity—An Observational Study. Bengal Physician Journal 2021; 8 (2):34-37.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10070-7053

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Published Online: 19-09-2021

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2021; Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) Ltd.


Abstract

Background: Individuals suffering from diabetes mellitus are at higher risk of all forms of sexual dysfunctions, but there is hardly any study in India that discussed all aspects of sexual activity in diabetic patients. Hence, the current study was conducted to estimate the prevalence of the sexual disorder in diabetic patients. Materials and methods: One hundred nine diabetic men were selected, who fulfilled the inclusion criteria and assessed by the International Index of Erectile Function-5 (IIEF-5) questionnaire. Result: The prevalence of erectile dysfunction (ED) was 89.9%, out of which 58.16% reported spontaneously with maximum (62.4%) having severe ED, andthe IIEF-5 score provided by patients themself and their spouses was statistically significant (p-value = 0.000). The hypoactive sexual desire and decreased libido were 25.7% and 42.2%, respectively. A total of 68.8% of participants failed to attain orgasm, 56.9% of participants had premature ejaculation but 20.2% had delayed ejaculation, and 61.47% had all three of erection, ejaculation, and orgasm problems. Conclusion: This study concluded that nine out of ten diabetic men were suffering from ED and only interviewing the male sexual partner is sufficient for the evaluation of ED and also concluded that ED is not so much social stigma nowadays. Other sexual dysfunction should be addressed for better sexual satisfaction outcomes.


PDF Share
  1. Feldman HA, Johannes CB, Derby CA, et al. Erectile dysfunction and coronary risk factors: prospective results from the Massachusetts male aging study. Prev Med 2000;30(4):328–338. DOI: 10.1006/pmed.2000.0643.
  2. The Global Burden. International Diabetes Federation (IDF). Available online: Diabetes in SEA (idf.org).
  3. Malavige LS, Levy JC. Erectile dysfunction in diabetes mellitus. J Sex Med 2009;6(5):1232–1247. DOI:10.1111/j.1743-6109.2008.01168.x.
  4. Dan A, Chakraborty K, Mondal M, et al. Erectile dysfunction in patients with diabetes mellitus: its magnitude, predictors and their bio-psycho-social interaction: a study from a developing country. Asian J Psychiatr 2014;7(1):58–65. DOI:10.1016/j.ajp.2013. 10.012.
  5. Anwar Z, Sinha V, Mitra S, et al. Erectile dysfunction: an underestimated presentation in patients with diabetes mellitus. Indian J Psychol Med 2017;39(5):600–604. DOI:10.4103/0253-7176.217015.
  6. De Berardis G, Franciosi M, Belfiglio M, et al. Erectile dysfunction and quality of life in type 2 diabetic patients: a serious problem too often overlooked. Diabetes Care 2002;25(2):284–291. DOI: 10.2337/diacare.25.2.284.
  7. Siu SC, Lo SK, Wong KW, et al. Prevalence of and risk factors for erectile dysfunction in Hong Kong diabetic patients. Diabet Med 2001;18(9):732–738. DOI: 10.1046/j.0742-3071.2001.00557.x.
  8. Sasaki H, Yamasaki H, Ogawa K, et al. Prevalence and risk factors for erectile dysfunction in Japanese diabetics. Diabetes Res Clin Pract 2005;70(1):81–89. DOI:10.1016/j.diabres.2005.02.018.
  9. Sathyanarayana Rao TS, Darshan MS, Tandon A. An epidemiological study of sexual disorders in south Indian rural population. Indian J Psychiatry 2015;57(2):150–157. DOI: 10.4103/0019-5545.158143. PMID: 26124520; PMCID: PMC4462783.
  10. Pal A, Mallik N, Acharya, R, et al. Epidemiology of patients attending a special clinic on sexual dysfunction from eastern India: a retrospective data review. Med J DY Patil Vidyapeeth 2017;10:542–547. DOI: 10.4103/MJDRDYPU.MJDRDYPU_68_17.
PDF Share
PDF Share

© Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) LTD.